Library home > Compounds

Compounds (151 components)

2'-o-Methyladenosine
Description: Nucleoside modification in which a methyl group is added to the 2' hydroxyl of the ribose moiety of adenosine

Curator: Bruce May
2'-o-Methylcytidine
Description: Nucleoside modification in which a methyl group is added to the 2' hydroxyl of the ribose moiety of cytidine

Curator: Bruce May
2'-o-Methylguanosine
Description: Nucleoside modification in which a methyl group is added to the 2' hydroxyl of the ribose moiety of guanosine

Curator: Bruce May
2'-o-Methyluridine
Description: Nucleoside modification in which a methyl group is added to the 2' hydroxyl of the ribose moiety of uridine

Curator: Bruce May
2-oxoglutarate O2
Description: Alpha-Ketoglutaric acid is one of two ketone derivatives of glutaric acid

Curator: Bruce May
2’-0-ACETYL- ADP-RIBOSE
Description: A nucleotide-sugar having ADP as the nucleotide fragment and 2-O-acetyl-D-ribofuranos-5-yl as the sugar component

Curator: Bruce May
2’-o-methylN
Description: 2’-o-methylN

Curator: Bruce May
6A
6A
Description: 6-dimethyladenosine

Curator: Bruce May
Ac-CoA
Description: Acetyl coenzyme A or acetyl-CoA is a molecule that participates in many biochemical reactions in protein, carbohydrate and lipid metabolism

Curator: Bruce May
Ac
Ac
Description: The acetyl group contains a methyl group single-bonded to a carbonyl

ac4C
Description: N4-acetylcytidine

Curator: Bruce May
AdoHcy
Description: S-adenosylhomocysteine

Curator: Bruce May
AdoMet
Description: S-adenosylmethionine

Curator: Bruce May
ADP
ADP
Description: Adenosine diphosphate

Curator: Steve Jupe
ADR
ADR
Description: Adrenaline

Curator: Steve Jupe
ALDOSTERONE
Description: Aldosterone is a steroid hormone produced by the zona glomerulosa of the adrenal cortex in the adrenal gland

alpha-TOH
Description: alpha-Tocopherol

Curator: Bijay Jassal
AMINES
Description: Compounds and functional groups that contain a basic nitrogen atom with a lone pair

Curator: Bijay Jassal
AMINO ACIDS
Description: Amino acids are organic compounds containing amine (-NH2) and carboxyl (-COOH) functional groups, along with a side chain (R group) specific to each amino acid

Curator: Bijay Jassal
AMP
AMP
Description: Adenosine monophosphate

Curator: Bruce May
AREs
Description: Adenylate-uridylate-rich elements

Curator: Bruce May
ATP
ATP
Description: Adenosine triphosphate

Curator: Steve Jupe
AUG start codon
Description: The start codon is the first codon of a messenger RNA transcript translated by a ribosome

Curator: Bruce May
BILE SALTS
Description: The salt forms of bile acids

Curator: Bijay Jassal
CA2+
Description: Calcium

Curator: Steve Jupe
CALCIDIOL
Description: Calcidiol is a prehormone that is produced in the liver by hydroxylation of vitamin D3 (cholecalciferol) by the enzyme cholecalciferol 25-hydroxylase

Curator: Bijay Jassal
CALCITRIOL
Description: Calcitriol increases the level of calcium (Ca2+) in the blood by increasing the uptake of calcium from the gut into the blood, increasing reabsorption of calcium by the kidneys, and possibly increasing the release of calcium into the blood from bone

Curator: Bijay Jassal
CARBS
Description: A carbohydrate is a biological molecule consisting of carbon (C), hydrogen (H) and oxygen (O) atoms, usually with a hydrogen–oxygen atom ratio of 2:1 (as in water)

Curator: Bijay Jassal
Cd2+
Description: Cadmium

Curator: Bruce May
CH2OH
Description: The hydroxymethyl group consists of a methylene bridge bonded to a hydroxy group

Curator: Bruce May
CH3
CH3
Description: A methyl group is an alkyl derived from methane, containing one carbon atom bonded to three hydrogen atoms

Curator: Bruce May
CHOLATE
Description: Salt of cholic acid

CHOLECALCIFEROL
Description: Cholecalciferol, also known as vitamin D3, is a type of vitamin D which is made by the skin, found in some foods, and taken as a dietary supplement

CHOLESTEROL
Description: Cholesterol is a sterol, a type of lipid molecule, and is biosynthesized by all animal cells, because it is an essential structural component of all animal cell membranes; essential to maintain both membrane structural integrity and fluidity

Curator: Bijay Jassal
CHOLESTEROL ESTER
Description: A dietary lipid

Curator: Bijay Jassal
Cl-
Cl-
Description: Chlorine

Curator: Steve Jupe
CO2
CO2
Description: Carbon dioxide

Curator: Steve Jupe
CoA-SH
Description: Coenzyme A is a coenzyme, notable for its role in the synthesis and oxidation of fatty acids, and the oxidation of pyruvate in the citric acid cycle

Curator: Bruce May
CORTISOL
Description: Cortisol is a steroid hormone, in the glucocorticoid class of hormones

Curator: Bijay Jassal
CTP
CTP
Description: Cytidine triphosphate

Curator: Bruce May
DAG
DAG
Description: Diglyceride or diacylglycerol

Dihydrouridine
Description: Dihydrouridine

Curator: Bruce May
DISACCHARIDE
Description: A disaccharide is the sugar formed when two monosaccharides are joined by glycosidic linkage

Curator: Bijay Jassal
DOLP
Description: Dolichol phosphate

Curator: Bruce May
ESTRADIOL
Description: Estradiol is an estrogen steroid hormone and the major female sex hormone

FARNESYL PP
Description: Farnesyl pyrophosphate is an intermediate in both the mevalonate and non-mevalonate pathways used by organisms in the biosynthesis of terpenes, terpenoids, and sterols

FATS
Description: Fat is one of the three main macronutrients, along with carbohydrate and protein

Curator: Bijay Jassal
fatty acid
Description: A fatty acid is a carboxylic acid with a long aliphatic chain

Curator: Bruce May
Fe2+
Description: Iron

Curator: Steve Jupe
FRUCTOSE
Description: Fructose is a simple ketonic monosaccharide found in many plants, where it is often bonded to glucose to form the disaccharide sucrose

Curator: Bijay Jassal
Gal
Gal
Description: Galactose

Curator: Bruce May
GalNAc
Description: N-Acetylgalactosamine is an amino sugar derivative of galactose

Curator: Bruce May
GDP
GDP
Description: Guanosine diphosphate

Curator: Steve Jupe
GGPP
Description: Geranylgeranyl pyrophosphate

Curator: Bruce May
GlcNAc
Description: N-acetylglucosamine

Curator: Bruce May
GLN
GLN
Description: Glutamine

Curator: Steve Jupe
GLU
GLU
Description: Glutamic acid

Curator: Steve Jupe
GLUCOSE
Description: Glucose is a simple sugar with the molecular formula C6H12O6

Curator: Bijay Jassal
GLYCEROL
Description: A simple polyol compound

Curator: Bruce May
GPI
GPI
Description: Glycosyl-phosphatidylinositol

Curator: Bruce May
GTP
GTP
Description: Guanosine-5'-triphosphate

Curator: Steve Jupe
H+
H+
Description: Hydrogen

Curator: Steve Jupe
H2O
H2O
Description: Water

Curator: Steve Jupe
H2O2
Description: Hydrogen peroxide

Curator: Steve Jupe
HCO3
Description: Bicarbonate

Curator: Steve Jupe
HEME
Description: Heme is a cofactor consisting of an Fe2+ ion contained in the centre of a heterocyclic macrocycle organic compound called a porphyrin, made up of four pyrrolic groups joined together by methine bridges

Curator: Steve Jupe
heparan sulfate
Description: Heparan sulfate (HS) is a linear polysaccharide found in all animal tissues. It occurs as a proteoglycan (HSPG) in which two or three HS chains are attached in close proximity to cell surface or extracellular matrix proteins

HEXOSES
Description: A hexose is a monosaccharide with six carbon atoms

Curator: Bijay Jassal
HMG-CoA
Description: 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A

Curator: Bijay Jassal
HOCl
Description: Hypochlorous acid

Curator: Steve Jupe
i6A
i6A
Description: 6-isopentenyladenosine

Curator: Bruce May
IFN-alpha
Description: Interferon alpha

Curator: Corina Duenas
IFN-beta
Description: Interferon beta-1a

Curator: Corina Duenas
IFN-gamma
Description: Interferon gamma is a dimerized soluble cytokine that is the only member of the type II class of interferons

Curator: Steve Jupe
INORGANIC CATIONS
Description: Ion with fewer electrons than protons, giving it a positive charge

Curator: Bijay Jassal
Inosine
Description: Inosine is a nucleoside that is formed when hypoxanthine is attached to a ribose ring

Curator: Bruce May
IP3
IP3
Description: Inositol trisphosphate receptor

Curator: Steve Jupe
K+
K+
Description: Potassium

Curator: Steve Jupe
L-GLU
Description: L-glutamine

Curator: Bruce May
LCFA
Description: long-chain fatty acyl-CoA

Curator: Bijay Jassal
m1A
m1A
Description: 1-methyladenosine

Curator: Bruce May
m1acp3Y
Description: N1-methyl-N3-amino-carboxypropylpseudouridine

Curator: Bruce May
m1G
m1G
Description: 1-methylguanosine

Curator: Bruce May
m1Gm
Description: 2 2 dimethylguanosine

Curator: Bruce May
m1I
m1I
Description: 1-methylinosine

Curator: Bruce May
m1Y
m1Y
Description: N1-methylpseudouridine

Curator: Bruce May
m2G
m2G
Description: 2-methylguanosine

Curator: Bruce May
m5C
m5C
Description: 5-methylcytidine

Curator: Bruce May
m7G
m7G
Description: 7-methylguanosine

Curator: Bruce May
Man
Man
Description: Mannose

Curator: Bruce May
mcm5U
Description: 5-methylcarbamoylmethyluridine

Curator: Bruce May
Me
Me
Description: A methyl group is an alkyl derived from methane, containing one carbon atom bonded to three hydrogen atoms

METALS
Description: Metals

Curator: Bijay Jassal
methionine
Description: Methionine is an essential amino acid in humans

Curator: Bruce May
methionine sulfoxide
Description: Methionine sulfoxide is an amino acid that occurs naturally although it is formed post-translationally

Curator: Bruce May
MK4
MK4
Description: Menatetrenone is a vitamin K compound

Curator: Bijay Jassal
MK4 epoxide
Description: Highly reactive menatetrenone

Curator: Bijay Jassal
modified nucleotide
Description: Representation of a modified nucleotide

Curator: Bruce May
ms2i6A
Description: 2-methylthio-N6_isopentenyladenosine

Curator: Bruce May
ms2m6A
Description: 2-metylthio-N6-threonylcarbamoyladenosine

Curator: Bruce May
Na+
Na+
Description: Sodium

Curator: Steve Jupe
NAD+
Description: The oxidised form of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide found in all living cells. In metabolism, NAD+ is involved in redox reactions, carrying electrons from one reaction to another

Curator: Bruce May
NAM
NAM
Description: Nicotinamide

Curator: Bruce May
NH4+
Description: Ammonium

Curator: Steve Jupe
NMPs
Description: Nucleotide monophosphates

Curator: Bijay Jassal
NO
NO
Description: Nitric oxide

Curator: Steve Jupe
NUCLEOSIDES
Description: Nucleosides are glycosylamines that can be thought of as nucleotides without a phosphate group

Curator: Bijay Jassal
NUCLEOTIDES
Description: Nucleotides are organic molecules that serve as the monomer units for forming the nucleic acid polymers DNA and RNA, both of which are essential biomolecules in all life-forms on Earth

Curator: Bijay Jassal
O-2
O-2
Description: Superoxide

Curator: Steve Jupe
O-FUCOSYL GROUP
Description: A glycosyl group obtained by removing the hydroxy group from the hemiacetal function of an fucose (6-deoxygalactose) and, by extension, of a lower oligosaccharide having fucose at the reducing end

O2
O2
Description: Oxygen

Curator: Steve Jupe
OCTANOIC ACID
Description: Octanoic Acid is a saturated medium-chain fatty acid with an 8-carbon backbone

Curator: Bruce May
ORGANIC ACIDS
Description: An organic acid is an organic compound with acidic properties

Curator: Bijay Jassal
ORGANIC ANIONS
Description: Organic anions are chemically heterogeneous substances possessing a carbon backbone and a net negative charge

Curator: Bijay Jassal
palmitic acid
Description: Palmitic acid is the most common saturated fatty acid found in animals, plants and microorganisms

PEPTIDES
Description: Short chains of amino acid monomers linked by peptide (amide) bonds

Curator: Bijay Jassal
PGI2
Description: Prostacyclin is a prostaglandin member of the eicosanoid family of lipid molecules

Curator: Steve Jupe
phosphorylate
Description: A phosphoryl group

Curator: Steve Jupe
PHYLLOQUINOL
Description: 2-methyl-3-phytyl-1,4-naphthoquinol vitamin K1

Curator: Bruce May
PHYLLOQUINOL epoxide
Description: Vitamin K1 epoxide

Curator: Bruce May
PI5P
Description: 1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol 5-phosphate

PIP2
Description: Phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate

Curator: Steve Jupe
PIP3
Description: 1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate

polyadenylate
Description: Representation of a chain of Adenosine monophosphates

Curator: Bruce May
POLYPEPTIDES
Description: A polypeptide is a long, continuous, and unbranched peptide chain

Curator: Bijay Jassal
POLYSACCHARIDE
Description: Polysaccharides are polymeric carbohydrate molecules composed of long chains of monosaccharide units bound together by glycosidic linkages and on hydrolysis give the constituent monosaccharides or oligosaccharides

Curator: Bijay Jassal
pp(pN)
Description: 5' triphospate end

Curator: Bruce May
PPi
PPi
Description: Pyrophosphate

Curator: Bruce May
PROGESTERONE
Description: Progesterone is an endogenous steroid and progestogen sex hormone involved in the menstrual cycle, pregnancy, and embryogenesis of humans and other species

PROTEINS
Description: Proteins are large biomolecules, or macromolecules, consisting of one or more long chains of amino acid residues. Proteins perform a vast array of functions within organisms, including catalysing metabolic reactions, DNA replication, responding to stimuli, and transporting molecules from one location to another

Curator: Bijay Jassal
Pseudouridine
Description: An isomer of the nucleoside uridine in which the uracil is attached via a carbon-carbon instead of a nitrogen-carbon glycosidic bond

Curator: Bruce May
QtRNA
Description: Queuosine is a modified nucleoside that is present in certain tRNAs in bacteria and eukaryotes

Curator: Bruce May
RA
RA
Description: Retinoic acid is a metabolite of vitamin A or retinol

Curator: Bruce May
retinyl ester
Description: All-trans-retinyl ester 13-cis isomerohydrolase

Curator: Bijay Jassal
ROH
ROH
Description: Alcohol

Curator: Bijay Jassal
ROS
ROS
Description: Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are chemically reactive chemical species containing oxygen. Examples include peroxides, superoxide, hydroxyl radical, and singlet oxygen

s2U
s2U
Description: 2-thiouridine

Curator: Bruce May
sialic acid
Description: Sialic acid is a generic term for the N- or O-substituted derivatives of neuraminic acid, a monosaccharide with a nine-carbon backbone

Curator: Bruce May
STARCH
Description: Starch or amylum is a polymeric carbohydrate consisting of a large number of glucose units joined by glycosidic bonds

Curator: Bijay Jassal
succinate CO2
Description: Succinate CO2

Curator: Bruce May
t6A
t6A
Description: N6-threonylcarbamoyladenosine

Curator: Bruce May
TAG
TAG
Description: A triglyceride (TG, triacylglycerol, TAG, or triacylglyceride) is an ester derived from glycerol and three fatty acids

Curator: Bijay Jassal
Thymidine
Description: Thymidine, or deoxythymidine, is a pyrimidine deoxynucleoside. Deoxythymidine is the DNA nucleoside T, which pairs with deoxyadenosine, A

Curator: Bruce May
tm5s2U
Description: 5-taurinomethyl-2-thiouridine

Curator: Bruce May
tm5U
Description: 5-taurinomethyluridine

Curator: Bruce May
TP53 tetramer
Description: Cellular tumor antigen p53

UDP
UDP
Description: Uridine diphosphate is a nucleotide diphosphate

Curator: Bruce May
VITAMINS
Description: A vitamin is an organic compound and a vital nutrient that an organism requires in limited amounts

Curator: Bijay Jassal
vitK3
Description: Menadione

Curator: Bijay Jassal
yW
yW
Description: Heavily modified nucleoside of phenylalanine transfer RNA that stabilizes interactions between the codons and anti-codons during protein synthesis

Curator: Bruce May
Zn2+
Description: Zinc

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