Library home > Compounds

Compounds (208 components)

1-methyladenosine
Description: 1-methyladenosine

Curator: Bruce May
1-methylguanosine
Description: 1-methylguanosine

Curator: Bruce May
1-methylinosine
Description: 1-methylinosine

Curator: Bruce May
1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol 5-phosphate
Description: 1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol 5-phosphate

1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate
Description: 1-phosphatidyl-1D-myo-inositol 3,4,5-trisphosphate

2'-0-ACETYL-ADP-RIBOSE
Description: A nucleotide-sugar having ADP as the nucleotide fragment and 2-O-acetyl-D-ribofuranos-5-yl as the sugar component

Curator: Bruce May
2'-o-Methyladenosine
Description: Nucleoside modification in which a methyl grupo is added to the 2' hydroxyl of the ribose moiety of adenosine

Curator: Bruce May
2'-o-Methylcytidine
Description: Nucleoside modification in which a methyl grupo is added to the 2' hydroxyl of the ribose moiety of cytidine

Curator: Bruce May
2'-o-Methylguanosine
Description: Nucleoside modification in which a methyl grupo is added to the 2' hydroxyl of the ribose moiety of guanosine

Curator: Bruce May
2'-o-methylN
Description: 2’-o-methylN

Curator: Bruce May
2'-o-Methyluridine
Description: Nucleoside modification in which a methyl grupo is added to the 2' hydroxyl of the ribose moiety of uridine

Curator: Bruce May
2-methylguanosine
Description: 2-methylguanosine

Curator: Bruce May
2-methylthio-N6 isopentenyladenosine
Description: 2-methylthio-N6_isopentenyladenosine

Curator: Bruce May
2-metylthio-N6-threonylcarbamoyladenosine
Description: 2-metylthio-N6-threonylcarbamoyladenosine

Curator: Bruce May
2-oxoglutarate O2
Description: Alpha-Ketoglutaric acid is one of two ketone derivatives of glutaric acid

Curator: Bruce May
2-thiouridine
Description: 2-thiouridine

Curator: Bruce May
3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A
Description: 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coenzyme A

Curator: Bijay Jassal
5' NUCLEOTIDES
Description: Nucleotides are organic molecules that serve as the monomer units for forming the nucleic acid polymers deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and ribonucleic acid (RNA), both of which are essential biomolecules within all life-forms on Earth. Nucleotides are the building blocks of nucleic acids; they are composed of three subunit molecules: a nitrogenous base, a five-carbon sugar (ribose or deoxyribose), and at least one phosphate group

5' triphosphate end
Description: 5' triphosphate end

Curator: Bruce May
5-methylcarbamoylmethyluridine
Description: 5-methylcarbamoylmethyluridine

Curator: Bruce May
5-methylcytidine
Description: 5-methylcytidine

Curator: Bruce May
5-o-phosphono-alpha-D-ribofuranosyl diphosphate
Description: 5-O-phosphono-alpha-D-ribofuranosyl diphosphate

5-taurinomethyl-2-thiouridine
Description: 5-taurinomethyl-2-thiouridine

Curator: Bruce May
5-taurinomethyluridine
Description: 5-taurinomethyluridine

Curator: Bruce May
6-dimethyladenosine
Description: 6-dimethyladenosine

Curator: Bruce May
6-isopentenyladenosine
Description: 6-isopentenyladenosine

Curator: Bruce May
7-methylguanosine
Description: 7-methylguanosine

Curator: Bruce May
Acetyl coenzyme A
Description: Acetyl coenzyme A or acetyl-CoA is a molecule that participates in many biochemical reactions in protein, carbohydrate and lipid metabolism

Curator: Bruce May
Acetyl group
Description: The acetyl group contains a methyl group single-bonded to a carbonyl

Adenosine diphosphate
Description: Adenosine diphosphate

Curator: Steve Jupe
Adenosine monophosphate
Description: Adenosine monophosphate

Curator: Bruce May
Adenosine triphosphate
Description: Adenosine triphosphate

Curator: Steve Jupe
Adenylate-uridylate-rich elements
Description: Adenylate-uridylate-rich elements

Curator: Bruce May
Adrenaline
Description: Adrenaline

Curator: Steve Jupe
Alcohol
Description: Alcohol

Curator: Bijay Jassal
ALDOSTERONE
Description: Aldosterone is a steroid hormone produced by the zona glomerulosa of the adrenal cortex in the adrenal gland

Allose
Description: Allose is an aldohexose sugar. It is a rare monosaccharide that occurs as a 6-O-cinnamyl glycoside in the leaves of the African shrub Protea rubropilosa

Curator: Bijay Jassal
alpha-Tocopherol
Description: alpha-Tocopherol

Curator: Bijay Jassal
Altrose
Description: Altrose is an aldohexose sugar. D-Altrose is an unnatural monosaccharide. It is soluble in water and practically insoluble in methanol

Curator: Bijay Jassal
Amidogen
Description: Amidogen is a radical compound of nitrogen and hydrogen with

Curator: Steve Jupe
AMINES
Description: Compounds and functional groups that contain a basic nitrogen atom with a lone pair

Curator: Bijay Jassal
AMINO ACIDS
Description: Amino acids are organic compounds containing amine (-NH2) and carboxyl (-COOH) functional groups, along with a side chain (R group) specific to each amino acid

Curator: Bijay Jassal
Ammonium
Description: Ammonium

Curator: Steve Jupe
Arabinose
Description: Arabinose is an aldopentose – a monosaccharide containing five carbon atoms, and including an aldehyde functional group

Curator: Bijay Jassal
AUG start codon
Description: The start codon is the first codon of a messenger RNA transcript translated by a ribosome

Curator: Bruce May
Bicarbonate
Description: Bicarbonate

Curator: Steve Jupe
BILE SALTS
Description: The salt forms of bile acids

Curator: Bijay Jassal
Cadmium
Description: Cadmium

Curator: Bruce May
CALCIDIOL
Description: Calcidiol is a prehormone that is produced in the liver by hydroxylation of vitamin D3 (cholecalciferol) by the enzyme cholecalciferol 25-hydroxylase

Curator: Bijay Jassal
CALCITRIOL
Description: Calcitriol increases the level of calcium (Ca2+) in the blood by increasing the uptake of calcium from the gut into the blood, increasing reabsorption of calcium by the kidneys, and possibly increasing the release of calcium into the blood from bone

Curator: Bijay Jassal
Calcium
Description: Calcium

Curator: Steve Jupe
Carbon dioxide
Description: Carbon dioxide

Curator: Steve Jupe
CARBS
Description: A carbohydrate is a biological molecule consisting of carbon (C), hydrogen (H) and oxygen (O) atoms, usually with a hydrogen–oxygen atom ratio of 2:1 (as in water)

Curator: Bijay Jassal
CCA ending
Description: The CCA tail is a cytosine-cytosine-adenine sequence at the 3' end of the tRNA molecule

Curator: Bruce May
Chlorine
Description: Chlorine

Curator: Steve Jupe
CHOLATE
Description: Salt of cholic acid

CHOLECALCIFEROL
Description: Cholecalciferol, also known as vitamin D3, is a type of vitamin D which is made by the skin, found in some foods, and taken as a dietary supplement

CHOLESTEROL
Description: Cholesterol is a sterol, a type of lipid molecule, and is biosynthesized by all animal cells, because it is an essential structural component of all animal cell membranes; essential to maintain both membrane structural integrity and fluidity

Curator: Bijay Jassal
CHOLESTEROL ESTER
Description: A dietary lipid

Curator: Bijay Jassal
COACTIVATORS
Description: A coactivator is a type of transcriptional coregulator that binds to an activator (a transcription factor) to increase the rate of transcription of a gene or set of genes

Coenzyme A
Description: Coenzyme A is a coenzyme, notable for its role in the synthesis and oxidation of fatty acids, and the oxidation of pyruvate in the citric acid cycle

Curator: Bruce May
COREPRESSORS
Description: Substances that inhibit the expression of genes

Curator: Bruce May
CORTISOL
Description: Cortisol is a steroid hormone, in the glucocorticoid class of hormones

Curator: Bijay Jassal
Cytidine triphosphate
Description: Cytidine triphosphate

Curator: Bruce May
D-Allosamine
Description: D-Allosamine

Curator: Bijay Jassal
D-Alluronic acid
Description: D-Alluronic acid

Curator: Bijay Jassal
D-Galactosamine
Description: D-Galactosamine

Curator: Bijay Jassal
D-Galacturonic acid
Description: D-Galacturonic acid

Curator: Bijay Jassal
D-Glucosamine
Description: D-Glucosamine

Curator: Bijay Jassal
D-Glucuronic acid
Description: D-Glucuronic acid

Curator: Bijay Jassal
D-Gulosamine
Description: D-Gulosamine

Curator: Bijay Jassal
D-Guluronic acid
Description: D-Guluronic acid

Curator: Bijay Jassal
D-Mannosamine
Description: D-Mannosamine

Curator: Bijay Jassal
D-Mannuronic acid
Description: D-Mannuronic acid

Curator: Bijay Jassal
D-Talosamine
Description: D-Talosamine

Curator: Bijay Jassal
D-Taluronic acid
Description: D-Taluronic acid

Curator: Bijay Jassal
Diglyceride
Description: Diglyceride or diacylglycerol

Dihydrouridine
Description: Dihydrouridine

Curator: Bruce May
Dihydroxyacetone phosphate
Description: Dihydroxyacetone phosphate, DHAP or glycerone phosphate, is an anion involved in many metabolic pathways, including the Calvin cycle in plants and glycolysis

Curator: Bijay Jassal
Disaccharides
Description: A disaccharide is the sugar formed when two monosaccharides are joined by glycosidic linkage

Curator: Bijay Jassal
Dolichol phosphate
Description: Dolichol phosphate

Curator: Bruce May
ESTRADIOL
Description: Estradiol is an estrogen steroid hormone and the major female sex hormone

FARNESYL PP
Description: Farnesyl pyrophosphate is an intermediate in both the mevalonate and non-mevalonate pathways used by organisms in the biosynthesis of terpenes, terpenoids, and sterols

FATS
Description: Fat is one of the three main macronutrients, along with carbohydrate and protein

Curator: Bijay Jassal
FATTY ACID
Description: A fatty acid is a carboxylic acid with a long aliphatic chain

Curator: Bruce May
Fructose
Description: Fructose is a simple ketonic monosaccharide found in many plants, where it is often bonded to glucose to form the disaccharide sucrose

Curator: Bijay Jassal
Galactose
Description: Galactose is a monosaccharide sugar that is about as sweet as glucose

Curator: Bruce May
Generic amino acid
Description: Generic representation of an amino acid

Curator: Bruce May
Generic sugar 1
Description: Representation of a generic sugar

Generic sugar 2
Description: Representation of a generic sugar

Geranylgeranyl pyrophosphate
Description: Geranylgeranyl pyrophosphate

Curator: Bruce May
Glucose
Description: Glucose is a simple sugar that circulates in the blood of animals as blood sugar

Curator: Bijay Jassal
GLUCURONATE
Description: D-glucuronate can be generated via the degradation of glucuronidated proteins

Curator: Bijay Jassal
Glutamic acid
Description: Glutamic acid

Curator: Steve Jupe
Glutamine
Description: Glutamine

Curator: Steve Jupe
Glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate
Description: Glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate, also known as triose phosphate or 3-phosphoglyceraldehyde, is the metabolite that occurs as an intermediate in several central pathways of all organisms

Curator: Bijay Jassal
GLYCEROL
Description: A simple polyol compound

Curator: Bruce May
GLYCOGEN
Description: Glycogen is a multibranched polysaccharide of glucose that serves as a form of energy storage in humans, animals, fungi, and bacteria. The polysaccharide structure represents the main storage form of glucose in the body

Curator: Bijay Jassal
Glycosaminoglycans
Description: Glycosaminoglycans, GAGs or mucopolysaccharides, are long unbranched polysaccharides consisting of a repeating disaccharide unit

Curator: Bijay Jassal
Glycosyl-phosphatidylinositol
Description: Glycosyl-phosphatidylinositol

Curator: Bruce May
Guanosine diphosphate
Description: Guanosine diphosphate

Curator: Steve Jupe
Guanosine triphosphate
Description: Guanosine-5'-triphosphate

Curator: Steve Jupe
Gulose
Description: Gulose is an aldohexose sugar. It is a monosaccharide that is very rare in nature, but has been found in archaea, bacteria and eukaryotes

Curator: Bijay Jassal
HEME
Description: Heme is a cofactor consisting of an Fe2+ ion contained in the centre of a heterocyclic macrocycle organic compound called a porphyrin, made up of four pyrrolic groups joined together by methine bridges

Curator: Steve Jupe
Heparan sulfate
Description: Heparan sulfate (HS) is a linear polysaccharide found in all animal tissues. It occurs as a proteoglycan (HSPG) in which two or three HS chains are attached in close proximity to cell surface or extracellular matrix proteins

HEXOSES
Description: A hexose is a monosaccharide with six carbon atoms

Curator: Bijay Jassal
HOX
HOX
Description: Hox genes, a subset of homeotic genes, are a group of related genes that control the body plan of an embryo along the head-tail axis

Curator: Bruce May
Hydrogen
Description: Hydrogen

Curator: Steve Jupe
Hydrogen peroxide
Description: Hydrogen peroxide

Curator: Steve Jupe
Hydroxymethyl group
Description: The hydroxymethyl group consists of a methylene bridge bonded to a hydroxy group

Curator: Bruce May
Hypochlorous acid
Description: Hypochlorous acid

Curator: Steve Jupe
Idose
Description: Idose is a hexose, a six carbon monosaccharide. It has an aldehyde group and is an aldose

Curator: Bijay Jassal
INORGANIC CATIONS
Description: Ion with fewer electrons than protons, giving it a positive charge

Curator: Bijay Jassal
Inosine
Description: Inosine is a nucleoside that is formed when hypoxanthine is attached to a ribose ring

Curator: Bruce May
Inositol trisphosphate receptor
Description: Inositol trisphosphate receptor

Curator: Steve Jupe
Iron
Description: Iron

Curator: Steve Jupe
L-Altrosamine
Description: L-Altrosamine

Curator: Bijay Jassal
L-Altruronic acid
Description: L-Altruronic acid

Curator: Bijay Jassal
L-Glutamine
Description: L-glutamine

Curator: Bruce May
L-Idosamine
Description: L-Idosamine

Curator: Bijay Jassal
L-Iduronic acid
Description: L-Iduronic acid

Curator: Bijay Jassal
Lactose
Description: Lactose is a disaccharide. It is a sugar composed of galactose and glucose

Curator: Bijay Jassal
Long-chain Fatty acyl-CoA
Description: Long-chain fatty acyl-CoA

Curator: Bijay Jassal
Lyxose
Description: Lyxose is an aldopentose — a monosaccharide containing five carbon atoms, and including an aldehyde functional group

Curator: Bijay Jassal
Maltose
Description: Maltose, also known as maltobiose or malt sugar, is a disaccharide formed from two units of glucose joined with an alpha bond. Maltose is the two-unit member of the amylose homologous series, the key structural motif of starch

Curator: Bijay Jassal
MANNITOL
Description: Mannitol is a type of sugar alcohol which is also used as a medication. As a sugar, it is often used as a sweetener in diabetic food, as it is poorly absorbed from the intestines. As a medication, it is used to decrease pressure in the eyes, as in glaucoma, and to lower increased intracranial pressure

Curator: Bijay Jassal
Mannose
Description: Mannose is a sugar monomer of the aldohexose series of carbohydrates

Curator: Bruce May
Menadione
Description: Menadione

Curator: Bijay Jassal
Menatetrenone
Description: Menatetrenone is a vitamin K compound

Curator: Bijay Jassal
Menatetrenone epoxide
Description: Highly reactive menatetrenone

Curator: Bijay Jassal
METALS
Description: Metals

Curator: Bijay Jassal
METHIONINE
Description: Methionine is an essential amino acid in humans

Curator: Bruce May
METHIONINE SULFOXIDE
Description: Methionine sulfoxide is an amino acid that occurs naturally although it is formed post-translationally

Curator: Bruce May
Methyl group
Description: A methyl group is an alkyl derived from methane, containing one carbon atom bonded to three hydrogen atoms

Curator: Bruce May
Modified nucleotide
Description: Representation of a modified nucleotide

Curator: Bruce May
Monosaccharide
Description: Monosaccharides, also called simple sugars, are the most basic units of carbohydrates. They are fundamental units of carbohydrates and cannot be further hydrolyzed to simpler compounds

Curator: Bijay Jassal
N-Acetyl-D-allosamine
Description: N-Acetyl-D-allosamine

Curator: Bijay Jassal
N-Acetyl-D-gulosamine
Description: N-Acetyl-D-gulosamine

Curator: Bijay Jassal
N-Acetyl-D-mannosamine
Description: N-Acetyl-D-mannosamine

Curator: Bijay Jassal
N-Acetyl-D-Talosamine
Description: N-Acetyl-D-Talosamine

Curator: Bijay Jassal
N-Acetyl-L-altrosamine
Description: N-Acetyl-L-altrosamine

Curator: Bijay Jassal
N-Acetyl-L-idosamine
Description: N-Acetyl-L-idosamine

Curator: Bijay Jassal
N-Acetylgalactosamine
Description: N-Acetylgalactosamine is an amino sugar derivative of galactose

Curator: Bruce May
N-acetylglucosamine
Description: N-acetylglucosamine is a monosaccharide and a derivative of glucose

Curator: Bruce May
N1-methyl-N3-amino-carboxypropylpseudouridine
Description: N1-methyl-N3-amino-carboxypropylpseudouridine

Curator: Bruce May
N1-methylpseudouridine
Description: N1-methylpseudouridine

Curator: Bruce May
N2-Dimethylguanosine
Description: N2-Dimethylguanosine

Curator: Bruce May
N4-acetylcytidine
Description: N4-acetylcytidine

Curator: Bruce May
N6-threonylcarbamoyladenosine
Description: N6-threonylcarbamoyladenosine

Curator: Bruce May
Nascent peptide
Description: Collection of molecules that constitute a ribosome attached to the polypeptide that it is synthesising.

Curator: Bruce May
Nicotinamide
Description: Nicotinamide

Curator: Bruce May
Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide oxidized
Description: The oxidised form of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide found in all living cells. In metabolism, NAD+ is involved in redox reactions, carrying electrons from one reaction to another

Curator: Bruce May
Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate
Description: Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate is a cofactor used in anabolic reactions, such as lipid and nucleic acid synthesis, which require NADPH as a reducing agent

Curator: Bijay Jassal
Nitric oxide
Description: Nitric oxide

Curator: Steve Jupe
NUCLEOSIDES
Description: Nucleosides are glycosylamines that can be thought of as nucleotides without a phosphate group

Curator: Bijay Jassal
NUCLEOSIDE DIPHOSPHATES
Description: A nucleoside diphosphate is a molecule containing a nitrogenous base bound to a 5-carbon sugar with two phosphate groups bound to the sugar

NUCLEOSIDE TRIPHOSPHATES
Description: A nucleoside triphosphate is a molecule containing a nitrogenous base bound to a 5-carbon sugar (either ribose or deoxyribose), with three phosphate groups bound to the sugar

NUCLEOTIDES
Description: Nucleotides are organic molecules that serve as the monomer units for forming the nucleic acid polymers DNA and RNA, both of which are essential biomolecules in all life-forms on Earth

Curator: Bijay Jassal
Nucleotide monophosphates
Description: Nucleotide monophosphates

Curator: Bijay Jassal
O-FUCOSYL GROUP
Description: A glycosyl group obtained by removing the hydroxy group from the hemiacetal function of an fucose (6-deoxygalactose) and, by extension, of a lower oligosaccharide having fucose at the reducing end

OCTANOIC ACID
Description: Octanoic Acid is a saturated medium-chain fatty acid with an 8-carbon backbone

Curator: Bruce May
ORGANIC ACIDS
Description: An organic acid is an organic compound with acidic properties

Curator: Bijay Jassal
ORGANIC ANIONS
Description: Organic anions are chemically heterogeneous substances possessing a carbon backbone and a net negative charge

Curator: Bijay Jassal
ORGANIC COMPOUNDS
Description: An organic compound is generally any chemical compound that contains carbon

Curator: Bijay Jassal
Oxygen
Description: Oxygen

Curator: Steve Jupe
Palmitic acid
Description: Palmitic acid is the most common saturated fatty acid found in animals, plants and microorganisms

PENTOSES
Description: A pentose is a monosaccharide with five carbon atoms

Curator: Bijay Jassal
PEPTIDES
Description: Short chains of amino acid monomers linked by peptide (amide) bonds

Curator: Bijay Jassal
Phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate
Description: Phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate

Curator: Steve Jupe
Phosphorylate
Description: A phosphoryl group

Curator: Steve Jupe
PHYLLOQUINOL
Description: 2-methyl-3-phytyl-1,4-naphthoquinol vitamin K1

Curator: Bruce May
PHYLLOQUINOL epoxide
Description: Vitamin K1 epoxide

Curator: Bruce May
Polyadenylate
Description: Representation of a chain of Adenosine monophosphates

Curator: Bruce May
POLYPEPTIDES
Description: A polypeptide is a long, continuous, and unbranched peptide chain

Curator: Bijay Jassal
Polysaccharides
Description: Polysaccharides are polymeric carbohydrate molecules composed of long chains of monosaccharide units bound together by glycosidic linkages and on hydrolysis give the constituent monosaccharides or oligosaccharides

Curator: Bijay Jassal
Potassium
Description: Potassium

Curator: Steve Jupe
PROGESTERONE
Description: Progesterone is an endogenous steroid and progestogen sex hormone involved in the menstrual cycle, pregnancy, and embryogenesis of humans and other species

Prostacyclin
Description: Prostacyclin is a prostaglandin member of the eicosanoid family of lipid molecules

Curator: Steve Jupe
PROTEINS
Description: Proteins are large biomolecules, or macromolecules, consisting of one or more long chains of amino acid residues. Proteins perform a vast array of functions within organisms, including catalysing metabolic reactions, DNA replication, responding to stimuli, and transporting molecules from one location to another

Curator: Bijay Jassal
Pseudouridine
Description: An isomer of the nucleoside uridine in which the uracil is attached via a carbon-carbon instead of a nitrogen-carbon glycosidic bond

Curator: Bruce May
Pyrophosphate
Description: Pyrophosphate

Curator: Bruce May
PYRUVATE
Description: Pyruvate, or pyruvic acid, is the simplest of the alpha-keto acids, with a carboxylic acid and a ketone functional group. Is a key intermediate in several metabolic pathways

Curator: Bijay Jassal
Queuosine
Description: Queuosine is a modified nucleoside that is present in certain tRNAs in bacteria and eukaryotes

Curator: Bruce May
Reactive oxygen species
Description: Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are chemically reactive chemical species containing oxygen. Examples include peroxides, superoxide, hydroxyl radical, and singlet oxygen

Retinoic acid
Description: Retinoic acid is a metabolite of vitamin A or retinol

Curator: Bruce May
Retinyl ester
Description: All-trans-retinyl ester 13-cis isomerohydrolase

Curator: Bijay Jassal
Ribose
Description: Ribose is an aldopentose that has an aldehyde functional group

Curator: Bijay Jassal
S-adenosylhomocysteine
Description: S-adenosylhomocysteine

Curator: Bruce May
S-adenosylmethionine
Description: S-adenosylmethionine

Curator: Bruce May
Sialic acid
Description: Sialic acid is a generic term for the N- or O-substituted derivatives of neuraminic acid, a monosaccharide with a nine-carbon backbone

Curator: Bruce May
Sodium
Description: Sodium

Curator: Steve Jupe
SORBITOL
Description: Sorbitol, less commonly known as glucitol, is a sugar alcohol with a sweet taste which the human body metabolizes slowly. It can be obtained by reduction of glucose, which changes the aldehyde group to a hydroxyl group

Curator: Bijay Jassal
STARCH
Description: Starch or amylum is a polymeric carbohydrate consisting of a large number of glucose units joined by glycosidic bonds

Curator: Bijay Jassal
Succinate Carbon dioxide
Description: Succinate CO2

Curator: Bruce May
Sucrose
Description: Sucrose is common table sugar. It is a disaccharide, a molecule composed of two monosaccharides: glucose and fructose. Sucrose is produced naturally in plants, from which table sugar is refined

Curator: Bijay Jassal
Superoxide
Description: Superoxide

Curator: Steve Jupe
Talose
Description: Talose is an aldohexose sugar. It is an unnatural monosaccharide that is soluble in water and slightly soluble in methanol

Curator: Bijay Jassal
Thymidine
Description: Thymidine, or deoxythymidine, is a pyrimidine deoxynucleoside. Deoxythymidine is the DNA nucleoside T, which pairs with deoxyadenosine, A

Curator: Bruce May
TP53 tetramer
Description: Cellular tumor antigen p53

Triglyceride
Description: A triglyceride (TG, triacylglycerol, TAG, or triacylglyceride) is an ester derived from glycerol and three fatty acids

Curator: Bijay Jassal
Uridine diphosphate
Description: Uridine diphosphate is a nucleotide diphosphate

Curator: Bruce May
VITAMINS
Description: A vitamin is an organic compound and a vital nutrient that an organism requires in limited amounts

Curator: Bijay Jassal
Water
Description: Water

Curator: Steve Jupe
Wybutosine
Description: Heavily modified nucleoside of phenylalanine transfer RNA that stabilizes interactions between the codons and anti-codons during protein synthesis

Curator: Bruce May
XYLITOL
Description: Xylitol is a sugar alcohol used as a sweetener

Curator: Bijay Jassal
Xylose
Description: Xylose is a sugar first isolated from wood, and named for it. Xylose is classified as a monosaccharide of the aldopentose type, which means that it contains five carbon atoms and includes an aldehyde functional group

Curator: Bijay Jassal
Xylulose
Description: Xylulose is a ketopentose, a monosaccharide containing five carbon atoms, and including a ketone functional group

Curator: Bijay Jassal
Zinc
Description: Zinc

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